What is COVID-19 (New Corona Virus) Disease?
Coronaviruses (CoV) are a large family of viruses that cause a variety of diseases, from the common cold to more serious diseases such as the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV).
The new Coronavirus (COVID-19) is a virus first identified on January 13, 2020, as a result of research conducted in a group of patients who developed respiratory symptoms (fever, cough, shortness of breath) in Wuhan Province in China in late December.
The outbreak was initially detected in the seafood and animal market in this region.Afterwards it spread from person to person and other cities in the province of Hubei, mainly Wuhan, other provinces of the People's Republic of China and other countries of the world.
Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that can cause disease in animals or humans.It is known that several coronaviruses in humans cause respiratory infections, from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS).COVID-19 causes coronavirus disease.
What are the symptoms of COVID-19 (New Corona Virus) Disease?
Although it has been reported that there may be cases without symptoms, their rate is unknown.The most common symptoms are fever, cough and shortness of breath.In severe cases, pneumonia, severe respiratory failure, kidney failure and death may develop.
How is COVID-19 (New Corona Virus) Disease Transmitted?
It is transmitted by inhaling droplets scattered in the environment by coughing and sneezing of sick individuals.The virus can be transmitted by taking the hands to the face, eyes, nose or mouth without washing after the patients touch the surfaces contaminated with respiratory particles.
Who is at More Risk in Covid-19 Infection?
The information obtained so far about COVID-19 infection has shown that some people are at greater risk of getting sick and developing serious symptoms.
- • 80 percent of cases suffer from mild disease.
- • 20% of cases are treated in hospital conditions.
- • The disease generally affects people aged 60 and over more.
People most affected by the disease:
- • Those over the age of 60
- • People with serious chronic medical conditions:
- i) Heart disease
- ii) Hypertension
- iii) Diabetes
- iv) Chronic Respiratory disease
- v) Cancer
- • Health workers
Are Children at Risk?
The disease in children seems rare and mild.
No deaths have been observed in children so far.
Are Pregnant at Risk?
There is limited scientific evidence about the severity of the disease in pregnant women who develop COVID-19 infection.
However, available evidence suggests that the severity of disease among pregnant women after COVID-19 infection is similar to non-pregnant adult cases of COVID-19, and there is no evidence that infection with COVID-19 during pregnancy has a negative effect on the fetus.
There is no evidence that COVID-19 is transmitted from mother to baby during pregnancy to date.
How is COVID-19 (New Coronary Virus Disease) Diagnosed?
The molecular tests required for the diagnosis of new coronavirus are available in our country.The diagnostic test is performed only in the National Virology Reference Laboratory of the General Directorate of Public Health and the designated Public Health Laboratories.
Suggestions for Avoiding COVID-19 (New Coronary Virus Disease)
It is recommended not to travel abroad as much as possible.In cases where it is mandatory to go abroad, the following rules should be considered:
The basic principles proposed to reduce the overall risk of transmission of acute respiratory infections also apply to the New Coronavirus (COVID-19). These are;
- • Attention should be paid to hand cleaning.Hands should be washed with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, and alcohol-based hand antiseptics should be used in the absence of soap and water.There is no need to use antiseptic or antibacterialsoap, normal soap is enough.
- • The mouth, nose and eyes should not be touched without washing hands.
- • Contact with sick people should be avoided (at least 1 m away if possible).
- • Hands should be cleaned frequently, especially after direct contact with sick people or their environment.
- • If possible, health centers should not be visited due to the high number of patients, and contact with other patients should be minimized in cases where it is necessary to go to the health institution.
- • During coughing or sneezing, the nose and mouth should be covered with a disposable tissue paper, in the absence of a tissue paper, the inside of elbow should be used, if possible, should not be visited in crowded places, if it is necessary to visit, mouth and nose should be closed, and a medical mask should be used.
- • Eating raw or undercooked animal products should be avoided. Well-cooked foods should be preferred.
- • High-risk areas for general infections, such as farms, livestock markets and areas where animals can be slaughtered should be avoided.
- • If any respiratory symptoms occur within 14 days after travel, the nearest healthcare facility should be worn by wearing a mask, and the doctor should be visited about the travel history.